Тайдзицюан Център Ба Лин
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Taijiquan Center Ba Lin
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Description of Yang Style Tai Chi Chuan
Tai Chi Chuan, an exercise for the whole body
important points concerning the Yang school of Tai Chi Chuan
Master Yang Zhenduo has described the characteristics of Traditional Yang Family Style Tai Chi Chuan as marked by: (quote)
Tai Chi Chuan is an exercise for the whole body, and it trains both the mind and the body.
The waist is of primary importance, for it leads the movement of the four limbs. In practicing Tai Chi Chuan, when one part moves, all the other parts also move, with the upper and lower limbs following accordingly. All this points to the totality of its movements.
However, many learners often tend to divide the body into three parts
consciously or unconsciously: the arms, the trunk and the legs. The result
is that each part moves on its own, without any connection whatsoever with
the other parts. While the legs and the arms move independently, the
movements of the trunk, including the buttocks, the back, the abdomen and
the internal organs, are neglected. If this should happen, the desired
effects cannot be achieved. In this regard, I would like to stress a few
points which I hope learners will keep in mind.
While all the parts coordinate, they interact on each other. Without
the relaxation of the waist and the hips, it is not possible to keep the
chest in a natural position and exercise the muscles on the back. Only in
this way can the vital energy reach the back and force emit from the
spine. It is impossible for the upper limbs to emit force without the
relaxation of the waist and the hips, the coordination of the lower limbs
and the exertion of force by the legs which serve as the base. That is why
we must understand the essential points thoroughly and strive for the
harmony of the movements. Our ancestors told us to "take the waist as the
axis and use it to lead the movements of the four limbs." But we should
here include the trunk, for when the main axis moves, all the other parts
of the body will follow suit.
(2) One more point must be made clear. "The root or the base is in the
feet." The meaning of "feet" here includes the legs. We must feel the
force of the straightening and kicking movements of the feet. The base
will not be firm without the straightening or propping movements of the
legs, and the result will not be difficult to imagine. How are we then to
do the stepping, straightening or propping and kicking movements
correctly? When you stretch out the leg on which you put your weight, the
leg must be propped up in the shape of a bow; then you feel the force
moving from this leg to the other leg on which you have not put your
weight. You must not stretch out your leg without feeling the force,
otherwise the movements of the whole body will fall into disarray. You
will understand this after careful observation through practice. Failing
to do so, it will be difficult to achieve the continuity and totality of
Tai Chi Chuan movements.
With regard to the coordination between the upper and lower limbs,especially coordination between the two arms, we must see to it that the waist brings along the back and the arms, which in turn bring along the wrists. We should also pay attention to the natural lowering of the shoulders and elbows, the poise of the wrist and the palms, the slight bending of the fingers and the right spacing between the fingers, which are all important in Tai Chi Chuan.
1. Relaxation It is easy to understand the literal meaning of
"relaxation". The word here has two implications:
Now let us return to the topic of strength which, as has been said, is inborn and is distributed over all parts of the body. When we start doing exercises every day, we should first of all 'relax' in the conscious search of strength. Then, we gather the strength, organize it under our command before we put it into exercise. Gradually the scattered strength becomes a totality in itself. This is like a well-trained army which moves in unison according to the order issued by its commander. In this way, the army can achieve its goal. Our forerunners said: "Whither the mind goes, force follows." That is to say, when the learner has attained a certain level after persistent training and is able to combine force with skill, then force will emerge of itself and follow the mind. This is a point I wish to drive home.
A strong man who has never learnt wushu may be able to defeat his
opponent. This of course depends on who his opponent is. However, given
the same physical conditions, a wushu expert is sure to defeat an opponent
who has not practiced wushu. A man of strong build will of course become
stronger if he takes up wushu and persists in